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Recovery Waves

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The concept of Recovery Waves is showing possible scenario of ecosystem evolution for next hundreds of years. It is kind of “rolling back” of annihilation waves that we have caused throughout human history.

First Annihilation Wave Catastrophe

About 50,000 years ago there was a biggest and fastest nature annihilation disaster in a world history for 65 million years (since when dinosaurs were destroyed). It was done by flaring expansion of homo-sapiens. Although back then they were hunters-gatherers only, the damage they have caused was extermination of nearly half of terrestrial mammal species that leaved prior to the migration.

Second Annihilation Wave Catastrophe

Agricultural evolution and enhanced migration of humans brought another disaster – second annihilation wave. For thousands of years humans went farther and farther to islands, to Australia and Americas, spreading their settlements, burning forests to free lands for agriculture, hunting and multiplying. The evidence we are getting are not only archaeological as in first wave, but since this wave was up until recent times, we actually can follow up on last migrations to distant islands such as Madagascar and New Zealand. Every time that homo sapiens went to some area for the first time, the variability of animal population at the area was immediately and dramatically decreased. In Madagascar up until human arrival for example were huge Elephant  Birds, Giant Subfossil lemurs , and others that disappeared with our first appearance.

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Size of Aepyornis maximus (Elephant Bird) (centre, in purple) compared to a human, an ostrich (second from right, in maroon), and some non-avian theropod dinosaurs. Each gridline is one meter in height (by Matt Martyniuk)

 This is the same picture we see over and over again all over the earth and throughout the whole human history.  In North America 34 out of 47 types of terrestrial mammals were gone shortly after human arrival – 100% of heavy mammals (more than 1T), 50% of types of mammals (of about 50kg) and fifth of small ones (2-30 kg). In South America 50 out of 60 types of mammals are gone forever in couple of thousands of years while they leaved there for millions of years.

We can see areas that for many years were separated from human exposure, such as Galapagos or Ocean, succeed to preserve lots of big mammals.

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Walter Rothschild on Rotumah, a Galapagos tortoise that he found living in the grounds of an Australian lunatic asylum (by Cornish, C. J. (Charles John), 1858-1906)

 In Australia prior to our arrival about 45,000 years ago were lots of types of mammals that did not survive us as well and only archaeology can tell us about their existence – Giant Kangaroos, Small (Tasmanian) Tiger/Wolf that survived up until hundred years ago in Tasmania (last time was captured in 1933), 2.5Ton Diprodon and many others. Out of 24 types of big (more than 50 kg) terrestrial mammals in Australia based on fossils only one has survived human arrival and we can see it today – Kangaroos.

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Diprotodon optatum, Pleistocene of Australia (by Nobu Tamura)

Extinction of whole families of animals because of human involvement was rejected for many years by humans claiming that climate change is the root cause, but every piece of knowledge we gathered during history of science was clear evidence that we are the ones that are mainly responsible for this disaster.

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Based on: D.A. Burney et al. / Journal of Human Evolution 47 (2004) 25-63 (figure 3a, pg. 36 )Godfrey, L.R.; Jungers, W.L.; Burney, D.A. (2010). “Chapter 21: Subfossil Lemurs of Madagascar” in Cenozoic Mammals of Africa. (table 21.1) (By Visionholder)

Third Annihilation Wave Catastrophe

Last but not the least damaging wave of annihilation started with human industrial revolution and we can see it today. If during the first and second waves caused extinction of mainly big and medium mammals, today the pollution has its impact across the whole spectrum of flora and fauna. Human are getting to the farthest places of planet and as we have already seen it has fatal result – this time not only for mammal domain, but for the whole ecosystem.

Evolution of Morality

Accountability for our world has been never a part of homo sapiens goals during million years of evolution. The moment of human expansion across the world has shown that it brought enormous harm to this planet. Understanding of it and acceptance of this fact by the whole human race one day is going to bring a great sorrow and as a gratitude for the very fact of existence, as a late step of correction, as preparation to a non-homogeneous future, as a next-level technical challenge, as evolutional stage in architecture of morality, driven by “Eusocial Revolution”… people will perform 3 stages of recovery, separated by hundreds of years.

First Recovery Wave – Existing Ecosystem

Stabilization

As a first step, people are developing new tools and ways for stabilization of ecosystem, damaged by 3 waves of annihilation and especially by Industrial Revolution.  It starts as intention to mitigate the impact of human activities – industry, agriculture, urbanization and human growth of human population. Later it is growing to active maintenance of existing species all over the world within their ecosystems. Reproduction acceleration, separation technologies, establishment of comprehensive eco-feedback and more tools are developed to restrain the extinction.

EcoManagement

Stabilized ecosystem is still far from perfect and requires lots of effort to keep it this way. Lack of efficiency is casing evolution of technological tools and as a result creation of highly self-sustaining, highly sensitive to the management instruments ecosystem. Special systems are monitoring, programming ecosystem dynamics, and applying decisions through special eco-behavior correction hooks and fast evolvement of EcoManagement.

Second Recovery Wave – Original Ecosystem

Beginning of second recovery wave is determined by several factors:

EcoManagement maturity after the first recovery wave – well established tools, experience, precise models and comprehensive feedback are giving a good confidence level in human ability to do more dramatic changes in ecosystem.

Genetic Revolution is bringing ability to recover any type of complex organism based on DNA.

Acceptance of humanity to take complete responsibility for global ecosystem architecture as inevitable continuity of “Eusocial Revolution” that united human species into a single dynamic and complex organization.

Known species

For a long time people not only generate tissues – initially uniform and later complex, but successfully experiment with generation of whole complex organisms. Once decision of humanity is taken to leverage EcoManagement systems and to cover extinct species, the first project is recovery of well documented pre-third-annihilation wave period ecosystem.

Early-times species

Pre-second and pre-first migration waves’ ecosystem recovery is bringing to life hundreds of species that leaved with humans for millions of years prior to the expansion of homo sapiens from Africa tens of thousands years ago. This is a real challenge for an EcoManagement systems and development of new models to assimilate new species in the way it has never worked before.

Deep pre-historic species

Success in assimilation of early-times species is driving another step of generation and assimilation of pre-historic species such has dinosaurs.

Human species 

Together with growing adjustment of homo-sapiens genetic characteristics and rapidly growing variability of species, humanity is considering the recovery of an originally existing human species such as Neanderthals, Denisovans and others. There were laboratory experiments for a long time and success of generation is not questionable. Some of human species have shown poor mental abilities, some good though. The main question and greatest fear of human was the ability to leave aside with someone so close and so evolutionary different from them. Same factors that drove non-human recovery waves are causing decision to recover other human species, while it still requires a lot of morality adjustments for several generations.

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Skulls of 1. Gorilla 2. Australopithecine 3. Homo erectus 4. Neanderthal (La-Chapelle-aux-Saints) 5. Steinheim Skull 6. Modern human (Author: Volkov V.P. 2011)

Third Recovery Wave – New Ecosystem

Never-existing species

High confidence level in genome control, genome-based species adjustments to ecosystem and multiple experiments with low level genome programming, are causing new vector of Artificial Speciation (the usually rare evolutionary process by which new biological species arise). Initially it is done to close gaps in ecosystem at post-second recovery wave that were caused inefficiency of ecoManagement.  Early times and especially deep pre-historic species are living in non-optimal and artificially created ecosystem, which maintenance requires lots of resources and increases risks. Initially slight genome adaptations are growing into major corrections and finally creation of new types of never-existing species that are meant to support and evolve new ecosystems. With the time this method replaces lots of legacy artificial ecoManagement methods, simplifies it and becomes a substrate for self-managed and evolved ecosystem.

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Author: Andrey Gabdulin

www.gabdulin.com Product Development

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